Minggu, 25 November 2018

A POLITICAL ECOLOGY OF THE CITARUM RIVER BASIN

By Jenna Cavelle (Berkeley Undergraduate Journal)

Over the past twenty years, the Indonesian government and international development agencies have ranked the Citarum River among the most polluted rivers in the world. Pollution, flooding, sedimentation, deforestation, and over-pumping of ground water, combined with inadequate policy enforcement and poor coordination between government agencies are compromising Indonesian livelihoods. In 2007, the Asian Development Bank (ADB) loaned Indonesia $500 million to implement “Integrated Water Resources Management” (IWRM) as a “best practices” management intervention to solve the “crisis” by “making decisions at the lowest appropriate level.”

Read more :

https://cloudfront.escholarship.org/dist/prd/content/qt7zh5n9f6/qt7zh5n9f6.pdf


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